To unlock this flashcard set you must be a Study.com Member. Theories of Emotion Emotion is a complex, subjective experience accompanied by biological and behavioral changes. II. Lazarus Theory. Researchers, philosophers, and psychologists have proposed different theories to explain the how and why behind human emotions. Rather, people feel sad because they cry, and, likewise, they feel happy because they smile. Which of the following statements best represents the evolutionary theory on emotions? James-Lange Theory. Researchers have developed several theories of how human emotions arise and are represented in the brain. Psychologists claim that all of the following brain structures influence one's emotional response except __________. Emotions are shown through verbal and nonverbal behaviors. Q. More specifically, it is suggested that emotions result when the thalamus sends a message to the brain in response to a stimulus, resulting in a physiological reaction.1 For example: I see a snake --> I am afraid, and I begin to tremble. Evolutionary Theory of Emotion – Emotion is Response to Stimuli that has Evolved through Natural Selection. It’s sitting there in your skull, receiving all sorts of data from your eyes, ears, nose, skin, and mouth. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Schachter-Singer two-factor theory of emotion is another variation on theories of emotions that takes into account both physiological arousal and the emotional experience. The theories differ in whether they favor a social, evolutionary, dimensional, or cognitive explanation. In the same situation, Jill feels frustrated and … The theory has been modified over time and competing theories of emotion such as the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion and Schacter's two-factor theory of emotion have also been introduced. According to the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion, we react to a stimulus and experience the associated emotion at the same time. The common sense theory B. Schachter’s Two-Factor Theory – Emotion Depends on Autonomic Arousal and Cognitive Interpretation of that Arousal. This th… Anyway, this first one is known as the James-Lange theory of emotion . Cannon-Bard Theory – Emotion Occurs when the Thalamus sends Signals Simultaneously to the Cortex and Autonomic System. Currently, there are four major theories of emotion that receive wide support in academic circles. The two most well-known cognitive theories are the two-factor and the cognitive-mediational theories of emotion. Theories of Emotion. Tags: Question 5 . According to the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion, the arousing stimulus first triggers the physical response, then the subjective experience of emotion follows. According to this theory, emotions are composed of two factors: physiological and cognitive. Like the Cannon-Bard theory, the Schachter-S… In addition to theories of emotion, you will look at one hypothesis related to emotions. Which theory emphasizes that some emotions are processed in a subconscious low-road, and some in a conscious high-road? The James–Lange theory of emotion, for instance, asserts that emotions arise from physiological arousal: in essence, that the self-perception of changes in the body produce emotional experiences. Schachter-Singer Theory Which theory describes that an emotional experience involves a cognitive assessment of one's physiological arousal. A. Maslow pyramid adapted from “Renovating the Pyramid of Needs: Contemporary Extensions Built upon Ancient Foundations” by D. T. Kenrick et al., 2010, Perspectives on Psychological Science , 5 , 292–314 (see p. 293 ), and from “A Theory of Human Needs Should Be Human-Centered, Not Animal-Centered: Commentary on Kenrick et al. Start studying module 8 motivation. Emotion involves feeling, thinking, activation of the nervous system, physiological changes, and behavioral changes such as facial expressions. Over time, several different theories of emotion, shown in Figure 2, have been proposed to explain how the various components of emotion interact with one another. They are: the James-Lange theory in the 1920s, the Cannon-Bard theory in the 1930s, the Schacter-Singer theory in the 1960s, and most recently the Lazarus theory , developed in the 1980s and ‘90's. Strong emotions can cause you to take actions you might not normally perform or to avoid situations you enjoy. For many centuries, psychologists have sought to understand where our emotions come from. According to the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion, the arousing stimulus first triggers the physical response, then the subjective experience This data is … In hunger, a set point is. We know that we are becoming more calm when our parasympathetic nervous system causes saliva to __________ and blood pressure to __________. The Theory of Constructed Emotion takes its name from its central premise: that emotions are concepts that are constructed by the brain. In an attempt to provide a clear assessment of the theory that a purely physical facial change, involving only certain facial muscles, can result in an emotion, Strack, Martin, & Stepper (1988) devised a cover story that would ensure the participants adopt the desired facial posing without being able to perceive either the corresponding emotion or the researchers' real motive. The James-Lange theory of emotion asserts that emotions arise from physiological arousal. 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