Indigo, Indigofera tinctoria, is a tropical plant that has been used to dye cloth since at least 9,000 BCE.1 Ancient Sunrise® Indigo is still made from fermented indigo leaves as was originally done. Indigofera amblyantha . Indigofera houer Forssk. The present study on variability in flowering and seeding behavior of neelayamari accessions under open and shaded conditions has been taken up with a view to identify the accessions producing early flowering and pod set and to study Indigofera miniata Ortega var. O.Berg & C.F.Schmidt Indigofera tinctoria was traditionally using to treat various kinds of diseases such like constipation, liver diseases, heart palpitation, and gout (Amrith Singh, 2006) stimulant, deobstruent, purgative, antiseptic, astringent, antibacterial, antioxidant, cytotoxic effect, hepato protective activity (Renuka devi K.P et … Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. %PDF-1.5 stream /Contents 4 0 R On the 23 April 2004, the Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food texana (Buckley) B.L. An herbaceous perennial, Indigofera Tinctoria is best suited to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 and above, but it also can be grown as an annual in colder climates. Gunmam is compared with Peptic ulcer in modern aspect. At the beginning of the 17th century, it replaced woad in Western Europe as the blue dye of choice because of its greater strength. Natural indigofera tinctoria dye was a major product of India and West Africa before the Indigofera tinctoria L. (Fabaceae) is traditionally used in Indian and Chinese medicinal systems for various ailments including cancer, liver disorder, inflammation, ulcers and nervous disorders. macrocarpa DC. /Resources << Indigofera tinctoria Mill. /Filter /FlateDecode >> Indigofera tinctoria is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a fast rate. and Indigofera tinctoria Linn. Indigofera tinctoria L. is a shrub of 60 cm high. /F14 45 0 R /F6 21 0 R Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Indigofera tinctoria Blanco Indigofera tinctoria var. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. SCCS/1615/20 Final Opinion Opinion on hair dye Indigofera tinctoria (C170) - Submission III 6 2. miniata : coastal indigo INMIT: Indigofera miniata Ortega var. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Gunmam is characterized by severe stomach pain to the patients to the extent that the patient usually assumes a bent forward position in order … 1. /F9 30 0 R Indigofera tinctoria var. The objective of this study was to evaluate the free radical scavenging potential and high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) fingerprinting of Indigofera tinctoria (I. tinctoria).Phytochemical analysis was carried out using standard methods, and free radical scavenging activity of the plant was determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazy (DPPH), nitric oxide (NO) and … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Vernacular names [ … Indigo, (genus Indigofera), large genus of more than 750 species of shrubs, trees, and herbs in the pea family ().Some species, particularly true indigo (Indigofera tinctoria) and Natal indigo (I. arrecta), were once an important source of indigo dye.The cultivation of indigo plants and the extraction of the dyestuff were an important industry in India up to the beginning of the 20th century. Linnaeus (1753) described the genus based on the three species of I. tinctoria, I. hirsuta and I. glabra, with the name Indigofera referring to the indigo dye produced by members of the genus. Its area was doubtless widened by the culture for the obtaining of indigo, followed by its naturalization. Methodology and results: the effect of the methanolic extract of Indigofera tinctoria on HCT 116 cells was determined by cell viability, DNA fragmentation and comet assay. But the Indigofera indica Lam. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. %���� This page was last edited on 22 November 2014, at 05:20. >> MANDATE FROM THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION Background Submission I for Indigofera tinctoria (C170) (CAS 84775-63-3) was submitted in October 2003. Turner: Texas indigo Classification. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. A galactomannan, composed of galactose and mannose in molar ratio of 1:1.52, Glycoside (Indian), Coloring matter (Indigotin), Flavonoids, terpinoids, alkaloids and … << The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. According to literature data (not presented), Indigofera tinctoria leaf powder contains 0.2-0.8 % Indican, which under oxidative conditions is transformed to indigo. Indigofera tinctoria is a plant of the tropics and subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,600 metres. x^�=�vǑw|.�ʏ�S�Ԧ�-[�,Q�)�>����X���!��s�5#�l0[��c?��edd�U��������~掝[�����Q{��{Ԯ�itx控�8�������7�}��G�{}�'��qm��C��z�ƍ'��ʹ�m��ɺYuu�����)AJ�;iV��I�k����S�xӸ�9�������UP��P`^����*/�U����� /Length 8109 All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. brachycarpa DC. /F2 9 0 R As suggested by the common name, this shrub was the original source of the blue dye known as indigo. Its origin is not well known.It could be situated in India. ate the anthelmintic properties of Indigofera tinctoria plant extracts by scientifically validated in vitro and in vivo techniques. Indigofera oligophylla Baker Indigofera orthocarpa (DC.) Indigofera plants are pink/white flowered perennials and subshrubs that range from dwarfs to small trees. /Font << The voucher specimens were Indigofera tinctoria L. is commonly known as Nili, and collected and placed in the herbarium of Department of very useful in various indigenous systems of medicine. /F3 12 0 R endobj ... A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. 4 0 obj The Plants Database includes the following 38 species of Indigofera . Indigofera tinctoria Indigo The dye made from this Saturn plant is produced by fermentation and has been used in Asia for over 5000 years. /F11 36 0 R << Qualitative analysis of the extracts showed the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoids. Anila tinctoria (L.) Kuntze Indigofera argentea L. Indigofera bergii Vatke Indigofera cinerascens DC. >> Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Indigofera tinctoria leaves collected at flowering time, irradiated with 11.5 kGy for disinfection. >> Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 28°c, but can tolerate 7 - 32°c Materials and Methods Ethical approval The study was conducted after the approval of the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee. In Indonesia, the Sundanese use Indigofera tinctoria (known locally as tarum or nila) as dye for batik. Indigo, Indigofera Tinctoria Indigo, indigofera tinctoria What is indigo? Indigofera tulearensis Drake Homonyms Indigofera tinctoria L. Indigofera tinctoria Forssk. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. HPTLC Fingerprint Profile and Preliminary Phyto- Chemical Analysis of Nimba (Azadirachta Indica) Leaf & Stem Bark, E-ISSN: 2249 -1929 Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences An International Peer Review E-3 Journal of Sciences Available online at www.jcbsc.org Section B: Biological Sciences CODEN (USA): JCBPAT Research Article 256, PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STANDARDIZATION OF NUTMEG SEEDS (MYRISTICA FRAGRANS HOUTT.) The plant has been used for treatment of nervous disorders, liver ailments, epilepsy, cancer, ulcers and haemorrhoids (Renukadevi et al., 2011). /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] Indigofera L.is the largest genus of the tribe Indigofereae, in the Fabaceae (Leguminosae) family, containing over 700 species found in the tropics and subtropics (Puy et al., 2002). Indigofera tinctoria, commonly called true indigo, is a deciduous spreading tropical shrub or subshrub of the pea family that typically grows to 2-3’ tall and as wide. Indigofera tinctoria (Avuri) in the treatment of Gunmam patients. Common names Aika in language. /Type /Page Indigofera suffruticosa is native to the Americas but has been widely introduced elsewhere as a source of dye and for medicinal purposes and has commonly become naturalized. Indigofera tinctoria is a branching shrub used in traditional medicines, Ayurveda, sidda and unani. /F10 33 0 R /F7 24 0 R 3 0 obj Because of their long-flowering habit and easy-to-grow nature, indigofera have become garden favorites. Other species of Indigofera are source of natural indigo. Indigofera tinctoria Linnaeus was introduced into the United States in the seventeenth century and cultivated as a source of indigo dye, which was an important commodity of commerce until it was replaced by synthetic dyes in the late nineteenth century (Isely, 1990). /F12 39 0 R It’s still a wonderfully useful plant, however, and very much worth growing for the adventurous gardener and home dyer. p� � R>��/�� ���j����3x5P��?xi���XBY�!�uɗ��.~�B;��: ݺ+��S�/�I��G�қ�A�0��%�O'o����tI���p��x�D����. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. /F5 18 0 R Indigofera anil, whence the name aniline). Certain species (Indigofera tinctoria and Indigofera suffruticosa) are used by tropical farmers to produce the dark blue dye called indigo. PDF | Indonesia is known as a country with high biodiversity in the world. ... Indigofera tinctoria Linn. ... Indigofera tinctoria true indigo Indigofera trifoliata threeleaf indigo Indigofera trita Asian indigo Indigofera … The chemical aniline, from which many important dyes are derived, was first synthesized from Indigofera suffruticosa (syn. It can fix Nitrogen. Phytochemical evaluation of leaf extract of Indigofera tinctoria Linn has been carried out to characterize some constituents present therein. Effects of pre-treatment with the alcoholic extract of I. tinctoria (500 mg/kg body wt/day, p.o. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. /Parent 2 0 R Indigofera tinctoria Blanco Indigofera tinctoria Schumach. Pharmacognosy, Ayurveda Sadan, Research Laboratory, Its root and leaves used against several diseases such as Deendayal Research Institute Chitrakoot. Indigofera tinctoria (I.tinctoria) (Fabaceae) has been a part of Indian and Chinese medicinal systems since ancient times. Indigofera tinctoria in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. INDIGOFERA TINCTORIA LEAF EXTRACT is classified as : Skin conditioning; CAS Number: 84775-63-3 EINECS/ELINCS No: 283-892-6 COSING REF No: 56711 Chem/IUPAC Name: Indigofera Tinctoria Leaf Extract is an extract of the leaves of the Indigo, Indigofera tinctoria L., Leguminosae 5. Studies of Indigofera tinctoria Linn has shows that it possesses low toxicity. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text ] /F1 6 0 R /F13 42 0 R /F4 15 0 R /F8 27 0 R It has now a pantropicale distribution. Objective: To determine the anticancer activity of the methanol extract of Indigofera tinctoria, which induces apoptosis in HCT 116 colon cancer cell line. Warjeet S. Laitonjam* and Sujata D. Wangkheirakpam Department of Chemistry, Manipur University, Canchipur – 795 003, Manipur, India. and Baphicacanthus cusia Brem. Indigofera tinctoria, often called true indigo or simply just indigo, is probably the most famous and widespread dye plant in the world.In cultivation for millennia, it has fallen somewhat out of favor recently due to the invention of synthetic dyes. Accepted 25 February, 2011 Investigation on the chemical constituents including the chemical structure of major components in the characters of Indigofera tinctoria have been described. Nees. -A TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF PSIDIUM GUAJAVA L, STANDARDIZATION OF JANAMAGHUTTI: A FOLK-LORIC HERBAL FORMULATION OF TRIBALS OF CHITRAKOOT REGION, DISTRICT SATNA, MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Marco Polo was the first to report on the preparation of indigo in India. Indigofera tinctoria Chapm. The presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoids and prefers well-drained soil,,. 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