The _____ is a complex system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances. refers to our immediate evaluation of a situation. Assessment of an event to determine if implications are positive, negative, or neutral. Which of the following are the hallmarks of histrionic personality disorder? is a common manifestation of paranoid personality disorder. secondary appraisal. Primary appraisal concerns whether something of relevance to the individual's well being occurs,whereas secondary appraisal concerns coping options. likely to react disagreeably to disappointments. In the context of the lethal component of the Type A behavior pattern, people in hostility are _____. Primary appraisal involves the determination of an event as stressful. Linda has trouble working independently and is willing to tolerate abuse and submit to unreasonable demands of her colleagues. Although narcissists have high self-esteem, their grandiose self-esteem is actually quite fragile. Which of the following terms refers to the process of evaluating an employee's current and/or past performance relative to his or her performance standards? The reaction of being startled with an increase in blood pressure and other physiological responses is commonly called. People with avoidant personality disorder: Which of the following is a key characteristic of avoidant personality disorder? In the context of coping strategies and styles, optimists _____, unlike pessimists. According to a dimensional model of personality disorders, _____ results in avoidant personality disorder. She avoids disagreements at all costs. Which of the following is a characteristic of Type A people? Within primary appraisal, three components are distinguished: goal relevance describes the extent to which an encounter refers to issues about which the person cares. When people express their feelings to their romantic partners, they are: Research suggests that disclosing traumatic events: increases physiological arousal during disclosure. He asks u for your opinion about the value of such systems. People with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are likely to: They show devotion to work at the expense of leisure and friendships. Search. primary appraisal: Definition. restrict their activities to avoid potential embarrassments. The root of stress is the cognitive appraisal of an event as stressful or stress-inducing. Which of the following is a key characteristic of people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder? ______ refers to interpreting whether a stimulus is stressful. Which of the following is a subtrait of Type A personality? . A stressful event people believe they can handle is termed a _____, whereas a stressor that would overwhelm a person is termed a _____. testable prediction derived from a theory is a(n): Karen received a PhD in psych. They produce a state of feeling overwhelmed. Primary appraisal is the extent to which a person perceives an event as benign or threatening and harmful. The University of Twente explains that a person may judge that an … While walking past a toy car in a store, Mark had an impulsive desire to steal it and quickly slipped it into his pocket. Roger most likely has _____ personality disorder. If a child exhibits no signs of conduct problems by age 16, it is: unlikely that he or she will develop an antisocial personality disorder as an adult. _____ refers to a socially recognized set of rights and obligations linked with illness. When a person perceives that an event is a threat to his goals, he engages in: According to psychologist Richard Lazarus, which of the following must occur for stress to be evoked for a person? Positive emotions are thought to help with stress by: Which of the following coping mechanisms uses thoughts and behaviors to manage or solve the underlying cause of stress. Which of the following is a key characteristic of schizoid people? _ perceive that they are at a lower risk for negative events than an average person. This appraisal mediates between the stimulus and the emotional response, and it is immediate and often unconscious. According to psychologist Richard Lazarus (1991), primary appraisal best refers to a cognitive event in which a person Positive emotions are thought to help with stress by: A. broadening the scope of attention. The assessment whether your coping abilities/resources are adequate to over come harm, threat, or challenges. Economic Evaluation Which type of psychologist is Karen? Free Tests & Quizzes Online. acutely uncomfortable in social relationships. In the process of the general adaptation syndrome, the _____ phase involves the body's attempt to adapt to its high state of arousal as it tries to cope with the stressor. He disobeys his parents and usually engages in acts of stealing and destroying property. Are you ready? Correct! He usually seeks attention by being overly dramatic and changes his opinions suddenly. She believes that she is the most important supervisor in her firm and expects others to constantly praise and admire her. They are odd and eccentric and may believe in magic. the expectation that good events will be plentiful and bad events will be rare in the future. Which of the following personality disorders has the most disparate gender distribution, which occurs in men with a prevalence rate of about 4.5 percent and in women at only about a, extreme introversion accompanied by extremely high neuroticism. AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 08-03 Define five criteria for measuring the effectiveness of a performance management system. Which of the following is an example of a primary appraisal of a stressor? A. Hans Selye proposed that the _____ phase of the general adaptation syndrome was the point at which the body's defenses begin to create damage. During primary appraisal of an event, a person evaluates how relevant the event is to her/him and what kind of impact it is likely to have. Answer to Question 1 Primary appraisal refers to the stage in emotional adjustment during which: a. Which term refers to observable characteristics that are associated with successful job performance? Some researchers have theorized that one cause of _____ personality disorder might be deficiency in the ability to experience fear. Socially, histrionic individuals are difficult to get along with, due to their excessive need for: In the context of the erratic cluster of personality disorders, which of the following disorders is characterized by a strong need to be admired, a strong sense of self-importance, and a lack of insight into other people's feelings? Define social support, and four kinds of social support that groups seem to offer. _____ refers to a behavior where someone pretends to have the physical symptoms of illness in order to gain something he or she wants. Linda most likely has _____ personality disorder. People with _____ personality disorder are extremely distrustful of others and see others as constant threats. ... Primary Appraisal. The process of primary appraisal involves the evaluation of one's . In the case of performance appraisal, validity refers to whether the appraisal measures all the relevant aspects of performance and omits irrelevant aspects of performance. State of powerful absorption in someone. d. reflected appraisal. Ron most likely has _____ personality disorder. Bias here refers to inaccurate distortion of a For example, a professor Behavioural Economics - Scarcity Bias. A. Psychologists distinguish _____ varieties of stress, which are _____. Mike really likes it when his boyfriend cooks for him and cleans his apartment while he is sick. The _____ is a complex system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances. From Wikipedia Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. an independent variable has been effectively manipulated, a thermometer always reads 98.6 degrees F no matter the temperature of the water it is dipped into. The primary purpose of providing employees with feedback during a performance appraisal is to motivate employees to __ __ A. apply for managerial positions B. remove any performance deficiencies C. revise their performance standards D. enroll in work-related training programs. Terms in this set (18) Primary Appraisal. According to the University of Twente, primary appraisal occurs when a person recognizes an impending threatening or stressful event and evaluates the significance of the event. Which of the following statements best describes the narcissistic paradox? A. dimensional view of personality disorders, each disorder: is seen as a continuum, ranging from normality at one end to severe disability or disturbance at the other. primary appraisal. Ian Nolan/Cultura/Getty Images. Smiling when you receive a gift that you do not really like is an example of: leads to heightened physiological activity. In contrast to the Schachter-Singer model, the appraisal precedes a cognitive label. The _____ appraisal process allows a person to decide whether a red spot on their finger is blood or simply a glob of ketchup. In the context of the prevalence rates of personality disorders, the least common disorder is _____ personality disorder. react to frustration with disagreeable behavior. Which of the following is a key characteristic of borderline personality disorder? Kim most likely has _____ personality disorder. According to Hans Selye, people are most susceptible to illness in the _____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) model. Francis is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. a) Recruitment b) Employee selection c) Performance appraisal d) Employee orientation Ans: c 0.2. Which of the following types of appraisals can provide information that is more useful for problem solving and employee development than the typical results of a … B. 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